Summary of International Roaming (IR) Quality of Service (QoS) Report:

Regulators actively monitor QoS of operators to safeguard consumers’ interests. PTA also regularly conducts QoS survey of different services offered by its licensees but it is pertinent to mention here that PTA is the first known regulator in the world who has conducted a survey in order to check the QoS of International Roaming (IR) facility. The first survey was conducted in 2006 followed by the second phase in 2009 to figure IR QoS parameters and their benchmarking. On the basis of the actual test results, recommendations of standardizing bodies (GSMA, ITU, etc.) and best international practices, following standards were developed to measure IR QoS (Table-1).

Sr.# Parameter Reference Value
1 Call Completion ratio (CCR) 80%
2. Call Setup Time (CST) 16.5 seconds
3. Mean Opinion score (MoS) 3
4. End to End call delay (E2E) Preferred 150 msecUp Limit   400 msec
5. Received Caller Line Identification (R-CLI) 99%
6. SMS Success rate (SSR) 95%
7. SMS End 2 End duration (SMS E2E) Upper limit   90 sec

Table-1 IR QoS Parameters.

The test results of all the five cellular operators as per above mentioned IR QoS parameters are shown in Figure-1. None of the operator met all the QoS criteria, however Mobilink showed better results compared to other four operators. The performance of Telenor, Ufone & Zong were similar to each other.Your browser may not support display of this image.                           Figure-1 IR QoS test results.

The compromising results of the survey pushed the regulator to move ahead by development of KPIs (mentioned in Table-2) for inclusion in Service Level Agreement (SLA) between LDIs & CMTOs.

Sr.# Parameter Reference Value
1. Call Setup Time (CST) 15 seconds
2. Mean Opinion score (MoS) ≥4
3. End to End delay (E2E) 300 millisecond
4. Received Caller Line Identification (R-CLI) ≥99%
5. Network Efficiency Ratio (NER) ≥99%
6. Average Call duration (ACD) Monthly basis
7. SMS Success rate (SSR) 99.9%

Table-2 KPIs List for inclusion in SLAs 

The essential parameters for IR billing format were also   finalized, and a survey was carried out in Mid 2011 to check the billing discrepancies (results of survey mentioned in Table-3). Mobilink & Telenor met all billing requirements successfully.

Parameter Mobilink Telenor Ufone Warid Zong
Date ü ü ü ü ü
Time (sec) ü ü ü ü ü
Number(destination) ü ü ü X ü
Call duration (hh:mm:sec) ü ü X ü ü
Location (Operator, Country) ü ü X X X
IR Traffic i/c, o/g ü ü ü ü ü
Summary Page (Account  history, service details) ü ü ü ü ü

Table-3 IR Billing Parameters Details

 ü : means the requirement met by the operator

Despite difficulties faced by operators due to power cuts (blackout/brownout), rising cost of fossil energy, the cellular operators have been trying to maintain services at affordable cost. The regulator is of the opinion that due to lowering of Access Promotion Contribution (APC)  and little more effort in retaining the customer, cellular operators will succeed in meeting the criteria shown at Table-1 and appropriate billing format  as shown in Table-3.

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